Legal English has been referred to as a “sublanguage”. This term suggests that legal English differs from ordinary language in vocabulary, morphology, syntax, and semantics, as well as other linguistic features. Specialised use of certain terms and linguistic patterns govern the teaching of legal language: meaning that “we study legal language as a kind of the language, a specialised use of vocabulary, phrases, and syntax that helps us to communicate more easily with each other. Legal English qualifications include the ILEC and the TOLES
Legal English discussions can focus on:
- Legal obligations
- Company law
- Intellectual property law
- Labour law
- Legal professions
- Communication with the client – formal and informal language (e-mails, written correspondence, meeting with the client)
Making the Law
How is a law made? What is the court system Poland? What is the difference between the House of Lords, Court of Appeal, High Court of Justice, Crown Court, County Court and Magistrates Court? Do particular courts deal with specific cases? How does European Union legislation affect member states? Which four areas of running a business are typically affected by Legislation? What kinds of responsibilities does a manufacturing company have towards consumers? How can companies reduce the tax they pay? What is money laundering?
Acts of Legislation
Employment Rights Act A contract of employment means a contract of service or apprenticeship or a contract personally to execute any work or labour.
The Equality Act This forms the basis of anti-discrimination in Great Britain.
Asylum and Immigration Act Under this act, companies have a legal obligation to ensure that all staff have the right to work in the UK
EU Working Time Directive To protect workers’ health and safety, working hours must meet minimum standards applicable throughout the EU.
National Minimum Wage Act The National Minimum Wage rate per hour depends on your age and whether you’re an apprentice – you must be at least school leaving age to get it.
Freedom of Information Act This law gives you the right to access information about you from your government.
Part-Time Workers Legislation These were aimed at preventing part-time workers from receiving less favourable treatment. New rights were established to highlight the Governments desire to establish a decent minimum standard across the board, whilst keeping the workforce flexible, and not unduly debilitating businesses
Rehabilitation of Offenders Act This enables some criminal convictions to be ignored after a rehabilitation period. Its purpose is that people do not have a lifelong blot on their records because of a relatively minor offence in their past.
Computer Misuse Act This is a law that makes certain activities illegal, such as hacking into other people’s systems, misusing software, or helping a person to gain access to protected files of someone else’s computer
The Data Protection Act This legislation controls how your personal information is used by organisations, businesses or the government.
Copyright legislation Copyright gives the creators of some types of media rights to control how they’re used and distributed.
Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act This Act regulates the powers of public bodies to carry out surveillance and investigation. It also covers the interception of communications. It was ostensibly introduced to take account of technological changes such as the growth of the Internet and strong encryption.