Hunting Language

Hunting Language

Hunting Language (języka myśliwskiego) is specialised. Hunters usually use it during a hunt. Hunting is defined as the activity or sport of chasing and killing wild animals or also the activity of searching for something. Under the new Hunting Act, which covers England and Wales, a person “commits an offence if he hunts a wild mammal with a dog unless his hunting is exempt.”. Exempt hunting is defined as stalking or flushing out an animal, using no more than two dogs, with a view to shooting the mammal as soon as it breaks cover. The hunting can only take place on land owned by the hunter, or on land owned by someone who has given permission for the activity and it can only be carried out with a view to protecting property or livestock. The Bill also outlaws hare coursing. People will still be allowed to use dogs to catch rats and rabbits Likewise, Hunting in Poland is also restricted to people with registered licenses and there are strict rules as to what can and can not be hunted.

Arguments for and against hunting

Gary E. Varner suggested in his book In Nature’s Interests? Interests, Animal Rights and Environmental Ethics that it is useful to subdivide hunting into three types:

  • Therapeutic hunting: Hunting ‘designed to secure the aggregate welfare of the target species, the integrity of its ecosystem, or both’ i.e. hunting that is biologically necessary to prevent overpopulation or damage to other animals, plants or elements of the environment
  • Subsistence hunting: Hunting ‘aimed at securing food for human beings’
  • Sports hunting: Hunting ‘aimed at maintaining religious or cultural traditions, at re-enacting national or evolutionary history, at practising certain skills, or just at securing a trophy’. Sports hunting is usually illegal and ethically unsound.

Therapeutic hunting either benefits the group of animals whose members are being hunted or produces other important environmental benefits. Subsistence and sports hunting only benefit human beings. Any particular example of hunting may involve a combination of two or more of the three types of hunting. This webpage does not try to justify hunting. Its purpose is educational and to get people thinking about its ethics.

Hunting Language (języka myśliwskiego) – Animals


Polish English Group Male Female Young
borsuk badger colony Boar sow Cub, kit
Bizon, żubr Bison, buffalo Herd, gang, troop Bull cow
kurczak chicken Brood, peep rooster hen chicken
jeleń deer herd stag doe fawn
kaczka duck Sord, flock drake duck duckling
lis fox foxes reynard vixen cub
zając hare down jack jill Leveret
łoś moose herd buck doe
kozica mouflon
świnia pig pigs boar sow Suckling, piglet
królik rabbit colony buck doe Bunny, kit
wilk wolf wolves dog bitch cub

Hunting Language (języka myśliwskiego) – Fish and seafood

Polish English
Łosoś Salmon
Dorsz Cod
Makrela Mackerel
Sardynka Sardines
anchois Anchovies
tuńczyk tuna
karp carp
szczupak Pike, perch
pstrąg trout
śledź Herring
krewetka Shrimp, prawns
homar Lobster
krab crab
rak crayfish

Hunting Language (Języka myśliwskiego)

Hunting Language (Języka myśliwskiego) contains many phrases for guns, animals, location, seasons and many other specialist areas. Hunting has been practised since prehistoric times; it was a crucial activity of hunter-gatherer societies before the domestication of animals and the dawn of agriculture. The shooting of game birds, such as pheasant, is found in Poland, on large, traditional driven shoots on estates and on large tracts of land etc. Shooting of game birds is carried out using a shotgun, most often 12 and 20 bore or a .410

In England, hunting was formerly a royal sport, and to an extent shooting still is, with many Kings and Queens being involved in hunting and shooting. Hunting is often a pastime of rich aristocrats – hence Hunting Language (języka myśliwskiego) enables us to understand where and how hunters work

Please contact me for more information.

Book a lesson

Chat with a Native

hunting language